About the Event
Poultry production in the country and globe, has gained tremendous momentum during the last few decades. Commercial chicken production in Nepal started in 1974. However, between 2004 and 2013, the country saw a large number of farmers shifting to the poultry business. Commercial production of chicken meat in Nepal stands at 114,058 tonnes annually, while egg output amounts to 1.20 billion sets annually. The CBS survey shows Nepal’s poultry industry has an annual turnover of Rs 33.72 billion, producing chicken meat worth Rs 20.52 billion, eggs worth Rs 9.13 billion and chicks worth Rs 3.60 billion. Sales of chicken manure amount to Rs 453.72 million annually. Chickens are produced commercially in 64 districts in the country and 55,871 people are engaged in the business. According to the survey, 75 percent of commercial chicken producers are making profits, whereas, broilers have the highest (12.8 percent) mortality rate, followed by layers (9.2 percent) and parents (7 percent).
Despite snagging on bird flu outbreaks in the past, the poultry sector has been expanding at a faster rate than expected. Chicken has become widely popular as it is cheaper compared to other meat products. As a result, the poultry market has been growing rapidly despite setbacks. It fulfils around 13 percent of country’s meat requirement.
The global average chicken meat consumption is 12 Kg per person, while average per capita egg consumption is 153 units annually, according to the FAO. In Nepal, people eats 4.1 Kg per chicken and 44 eggs annually, well below the global average, according to a recent survey by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS, 2015). In the South Asia region, Nepal’s per capita chicken consumption is well above India (2.3 Kg) and Bangladesh (1.4 Kg), but below Sri Lanka (4.9 Kg) and Pakistan (4.3 Kg).
With the poultry markets maturing and transition of consumers from wet to processed products and growing consumer awareness on the food safety, feed the future, bird welfare, sustainability, least cost production, technology adoptation and environmental foot prints, the theme of the symposium “Meeting poultry production demand to enhance food safety and security” is tailored to address these issues in holistic way.