About the Event
Poultry production has gained tremendous momentum during the last few decades not only globally but also in Nepal. Commercial chicken production in Nepal was initiated in 1974. However, a large number of farmers adopted poultry business during the decade of 2004 to 2013. Annual commercial production of chicken meat and eggs stands at 114,058 tons and 1.20 billion sets, respectively. The CBS survey shows Nepal’s poultry industry has an annual turnover of Rs. 33.72 billion ($ 0.318 billion), producing chicken meat worth Rs. 20.52 billion ($ 0.194 billion), eggs worth Rs 9.13 billion ($ 0.086 billion) and chicks worth Rs. 3.60 billion ($ 0.034 billion). Sales of chicken manure amount to Rs. 0.45372 billion ($ 0.004 billion) annually. Chicken is produced commercially in 64 districts of Nepal and 55,871 people are engaged in this business. According to a survey, 75 percent of commercial chicken producers are making profits, whereas, broilers have the highest (12.8 percent) mortality rate, followed by layers (9.2 percent) and parents (7 percent).
Despite snagging on bird flu outbreaks in the past, the poultry sector has been expanding at a faster rate than expected. Chicken are widely popular as it is cheaper compared to other meat products. As a result, the poultry market has been growing rapidly. It fulfils around 13 percent of country’s meat requirement.
According to FAO, the global average per capita chicken meat and eggs consumption is 12 Kg and 153 units per person per year, respectively. In Nepal, people consume 4.1 Kg chicken and 44 eggs annually, well below the global average, according to a recent survey by the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS, 2015). In the South Asia region, Nepal’s per capita chicken consumption is well above India (2.3 Kg) and Bangladesh (1.4 Kg), but below Sri Lanka (4.9 Kg) and Pakistan (4.3 Kg).
As the poultry market matures and the consumers move from wet to processed products there will be a growing consumer awareness on the food safety, feed the future, bird welfare, sustainability, least cost production, technology adoption and environmental foot prints, the theme of the symposium “Meeting Poultry Demand for Food Safety and Security” is tailored to address these issues in holistic way.